Based a literature based dissertation a possible structure is as follows:Introduction - explain the purpose of the long essay, give research question, describe the be types of source material used methodology and research methods.
This is because you have a more guidance in how to carry out your research i. Each department or school has assigned to it a specialist Information Librarian. Instead, try to paraphrase quotations and only use direct quotes if it really helps to illustrate your argument. Identify and select the location s where you will conduct the research, and your target group s.
An unclear research strategy To be blunt, if the research strategy that was used in the study you want to replicate is not clear i. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant.
Remember that there are hundreds — or in some instances, thousands — of sources or perspectives concerning any subject area or topic. Clearly identify, discuss and clarify the key concepts being investigated.
Beierle, ; Renn et al. However, this is not straightforward. A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one. The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.
You start by identifying your sources, then you read and re-read them. Say so, in a way that the reader will understand easily. What do you hope to do with your study?
Do not rely too much on direct quotes Only use them to emphasise a point. From the number of articles written by the author and the number of times the writer has been cited by other authors, a researcher will be able to assume that the particular author is an expert in the area and, thus, a key resource for consultation in the current research to be undertaken. Develop research tools and test these.
Our experienced writers are ready to write quality custom uk essays and dissertations for you any time you for your your dissertation topic achievable? It is essential to check that you have benefits of a literature based dissertation your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence.
Your supervisor will be able to help you to do read relevant literature, you need to focus more specifically on a 'research question'. Use sample literature reviews Have a look at sample dissertation literature reviews in your subject area and benefits of a literature based dissertation them thoroughly to familiarise yourself with existing key debates and themes.
Describe how your proposed study leads to investigating them successfully or mention any gaps in previous research studies to address them in your paper. Also, remember that the bibliography or reference section of your selected texts will help you to snowball further references if you need any. Note these down.
This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years. A literature review may also provide a thorough and critical outline of the intellectual developments in a field with a focus on major, and often polemical, debates.
Nevertheless, there are some essential steps that apply across all disciplines and that you should ensure you follow: Do not simply describe the opinions of writers Analyse, analyse, analyse, and ensure that your analysis is critical what have the writers missed; where does your opinion sit with theirs, etc.
You will need to stress a why the research needs to be replicated i. Therefore, it is always best to be careful when using the word replication when discussing a dissertation proposal with your supervisor.
Letter of application spacing format demonstrates that you are very familiar with the academic research in your field. So, despite having access to electronic databases and to electronic searching techniques, it can be surprisingly useful to have a pile of journals actually on your desk, and to look through the contents pages, and the individual articles.
Am I looking at issues of theory? Even if you find that the study you are interested in is too hard to replicated, whether because of the research design and data analysis techniques used, or simply because the authors have not provided detailed enough guidelines to follow, it will not take long to find another suitable study.
Review earlier reading and evaluate other research and conceptualisations in light of the data you have gathered. Engage in a dialogue with the literature, you are not just providing a summary.
In the social sciences this rule may not apply, as many theoretical works are classics and you will be expected to be familiar with these perspectives. Note how skilfully, in the earlier sample paragraph by Reedhe weaves his opinions with references.
This may be partly due to the challenge of selecting appropriate evaluation criteria and data collection methods. You may also want to make a clear decision about whether to start with a very narrow focus and work outwards, or to start wide before focussing in.