Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: 8. The Discussion

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You'll get our 5 free 'One Minute Life Skills' We'll never share your email address and you can unsubscribe at any service writing jsp 101. Nature Neuroscience, 13,DOI: Here are some of the common mistakes people make when writing their discussion section: Simply repeating their results section, with little reference to existing literature.

Comment on their relative importance in relation to your overall interpretation of the results and, if necessary, note how they may affect the validity of your findings.

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Although your study may offer important insights about the research problem, this is where you can address thesis about bullying scope and delimitation questions related to the problem that remain unanswered or highlight previously hidden questions that were revealed as a result of conducting your research.

Once completed, you can begin to relax slightly: you are on to the last stages of writing! Our data, however, put additional constraints on this connectivity model.

If you feel compelled to speculate, do so in the form of describing possible implications or explaining possible impacts. The Conclusion Getting started Your dissertation conclusion will do one of two things. Number tables and figures in separate lists, but consecutively by the order in which you mention them in the text.

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The Discussion section needs to follow from your results and relate back to your literature review. Should you need to remind the reader of a finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation.

Making conclusions that cannot be made from their data — you need to be able to differentiate between strong and weak results do not exaggerate your findings. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why.

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Science Thesis Writing Discussion

If a study that you cited does not support your findings, don't ignore it--clearly explain why your research findings differ from theirs. Check back to make sure that you have included all the relevant methods. Likewise a historian may break the thesis up into time periods and do critique and evaluation throughout the whole.

You need to keep in mind that the IMRAD structure is best used to write up empirical research work the type where you collect data of some kind.

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As before, this may be a separate section, or included in your discussion. Again, somewhere in your discussion section show that you are aware of the limitations of your study.

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Results can take the form of data, hypotheses, models, definitions, formulas, etc. The conclusion, on the other hand, is generally brief and provides just the main points of your dissertation; i.

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Explain the limitations of the work: what is left out or yet to do? This adds something a little different to your chapter and allows you to demonstrate how this dissertation has affected you as an academic. This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.

In other words, for every experimental result you want to talk about, you find results from other publications bearing the relationship to your result that you want the reader to understand.

Well, the best way to start in my view is just to write, but perhaps start to write without the specific purpose of the discussion chapter in mind.

  1. However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section.

So I have diagnosed some of the problems, are there any easy solutions? It is also one of the most difficult parts to write, and sometimes the longest. However, many people find it easier to combine the results with their implications as the two are closely connected.

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Stylistically, the Discussion often reads like a set of bulleted points that happen to be written out in paragraph form. While you may have a glossary or list of abbreviations included in your dissertation, your background section offers some opportunity for you to highlight two or three essential terms.

Importance of a Good Discussion

Once you have identified these, write some brief notes as to why they were so influential and how they fit together in relation to your overall topic. So the problem mba it dissertation the discussion chapter is a problem of creative thinking and confidence, but there are some stylistic conventions and knowledge issues that complicate the task.

The Ph factor is somewhat elusive and hard to describe, but basically it means you have to make some knowledge claims. If you choose to combine the results section and the discussion section into a single narrative, you must be clear in how you report the information discovered and your own interpretation of each finding. The research questions have already been highlighted as one option; an outline of the structure of the entire dissertation may be another example of information you might like to include.

References to previous research: either compare your results with the findings from other studies or use the studies to support a claim. Have I presented my rationale behind this study? As a result of the completion of the literature reviewalong with the empirical research that you completed, what did you find out in relation to your personal research objectives?

Despite the heterogeneous organization with regard to signal correlation, neurons tended to have similar noise correlation during on-going and tone-driven activities, suggesting that i need help making a thesis statement correlations reflect structure in the local network see below.

  • In terms of length, there is no rule about how long a dissertation introduction needs to be, as it is going to depend on the length of the total dissertation.
  • The Discussion section is sort of an odd beast because it is here where you speculate, but must avoid rambling, guessing, or making logical leaps beyond what is reasonably supported for your data.

Furthermore, imaging dozens of neurons simultaneously allowed us to unravel chemistry homework help forum interactions between thousands of neuronal pairs as measured by noise correlations. This will help you to see whether your results are over-focused in one area, which is why writing up your research as you go along can be a helpful process. Avoid using an apologetic tone; however, be honest and self-critical [e.

Begin by briefly re-stating the research problem you were investigating and answer all of the research questions underpinning the problem that you posed in the introduction. Did your sampling method contribute to it?

Results Section

Write to try and work out what you think and then re-write it later. Another useful suggestion from Howard Becker is the null hypothesis technique; write down why the results mean nothing. The text and figures should be complementary, not repeat the same information. Annesley, Thomas M.

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Typically, a research project has an overall aim. Explain the results to a friend and record yourself, or use voice recognition software to tell your computer some of your preliminary thoughts.

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Remember that the data are the data: nothing more, nothing less. Most often, your result either agrees with corroboratesextends, refines, or conflicts with the other result. You should start by referring back to your research questions, discuss your results, then set them into the context of the literature, and then into broader theory.

No Comments The discussion section is a very important part of your dissertation or research paper. Previous reports of smooth tonotopic maps may have resulted from techniques that average the responses over multiple neurons. Eager to reach the finishing line, they miss the opportunity to fully explore their findings and put them in the context of other research in the field.

Ultimately, writing a good abstract is the same as writing a good dissertation ; you must present a logical and organised synopsis that demonstrates what your research has achieved. You may also want to think about what key terminology is paramount to the reader being able to understand your dissertation. In addition, the strong correlation between the signal correlation of pairs of neurons generally attributed to common inputand the noise correlation between them generally attributed to direct synaptic connections supports a model of strongly coupled subnetworks that share common input.

Note that you can make this decision to highlight specific studies after you have begun writing the discussion section. Focusing too much on the limitations of the study, which can make readers question the relevance of the work.

There are three parts at a minimum that need to exist within your dissertation conclusion. This should set you up well to present your aims and objectives.

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These neurons might be involved in something other biology dissertation discussion simple pure-tone coding, such as processing of complex sound features If there is prior research to indicate this, you need to explain why it was significant or unanticipated. The discussion is a detailed presentation of your findings and provides scientific back-up for your arguments.

In some instances, you may also be asked to include a few keywords. Azar, Beth. Every result included MUST have a method set out in the methods section. Structure and Writing Style These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: Do not be verbose or repetitive Be concise and make your points clearly Avoid the use of jargon or undefined technical language Follow a logical stream of thought; in general, interpret and discuss the significance of your findings in the i need help making a thesis statement sequence you described them in your results section [a notable exception is to begin by highlighting an unexpected result or finding] Use the present verb tense, especially for established facts; however, refer to specific works or prior studies in the past tense If needed, use subheadings to help organize your discussion or to categorize your interpretations into themes II.

Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret thesis about bullying scope and delimitation describe the significance of your can i pay someone to do my dissertation in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated and to explain any new understanding or insights that emerged as a result of your study of the problem.

This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. Remember that you must address these research objectives in your research.