Do not simply reiterate your results or the discussion. Simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations. An example paragraph from a Discussion section is given below: This study found that Nigerian teachers have a mix of beliefs regarding early literacy development, some accurate beliefs and other inaccurate beliefs.
After the recommendations have been written, reread each recommendation. In order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study and the world at large you need to summarize it very briefly.
What problems resulted from the study's procedures?
Do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, or a gap found in the literature.
Interpret results, supporting conclusions with evidence.
Recommendations Discussion and conclusion of a research paper, give recommendations based on the results of the study. Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is presented well: If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader. The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument.
Give recommendations for further research. It is important that everything in this last section is based off of the results of the data analysis. Explain the consequences of your research in a way that elicits action or demonstrates urgency in seeking change.
Relate the problem to a theory.
Re-state the purpose of your study then state how your findings differ or support those of other studies and why [i. Purdue University.
Here you can also mention areas discussion and conclusion of a research paper you could have improved your study or further research to be done on the topic. Unlike in previous studies on dog training, most of the dogs in this study retained the ability to perform tricks for up to six weeks after the initial training sessions.
This reduces the impact of the argument s you have developed in your essay. But a picture is worth a words, as the saying goes. Conclusion The final section of the paper is the Conclusion section. Indicate opportunities for future research, as long as you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper.
The data indicate that avoiding a low level of physical activity substantially reduces the risk of all fractures, particularly hip fractures—the most devastating of osteoporotic fractures—in men. Conclusions What is the purpose of a conclusion in the scientific field? Avoid phrases like "in conclusion Writing Tip Don't Belabor the Obvious!
Writing a conclusion involves summing up the paper and giving a very brief description of the results, although you should not go into too much detail about this. But readers can see by the tell-tale section heading and number of pages remaining to read, cover letter for cv for civil engineer an essay is about to end.
The discussion should show how your findings fit with existing knowledge, what new insights they contribute, and what consequences they have for theory or practice. The Writing Center. Think of them as a kind of honesty check. If you encountered negative results [findings that are validated outside the research context in which they were generated], you must report them in the results section of your paper.
Don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "This is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches What other unexpected problems arose in the data collection?
Problems to Avoid Failure to be concise Your conclusion section should be concise and to the point. Unlike in the Humanities, scientific papers are more concerned with the data or information than the way it is worded. Explanation Recent research on cold-water immersion incidents has provided a more complete understanding of the physiological processes occurring during drowning and near-drowning accidents.
After all, the findings and the interpretation of them are intrinsically related. Thus, teachers need to spend class time educating students about positive, effective study skills. In an empirical research study, the conclusions and recommendations must be directly related to the data that was collected and analyzed.
You'll show that your results can add new knowledge to your chosen area of work. Charts, graphs, and other forms of visual representations offer a wonderful way to help the reader perceive the patterns or anomalies that figure in your interpretation of your data.
No statistics need to be repeated from the results, nor does the discussion need to refer to table numbers. Download the Writing Roundabout eBook to understand the challenges involved in planning, drafting, revising, and editing your academic writing.
Also describe how the results are related to education in general. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings. For example, almost every single paper written in Nigeria that I read recommends that the government should provide more teaching materials and increase the salaries of teachers. Failure to match the objectives of your research Often research objectives in the social sciences change while the research is being carried out.
First, restate the overall purpose of the study. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings because this reduces the impact of the argument s you have developed in your essay. Remember, these recommendations must be supported by the statistical findings from the data analysis. College Writing Center at Meramec. Notice how the authors relate their results to what is already known about the topic.
Even this late stage of the writing process can bring some subtle new discoveries as you finally select the most precise language to convey your meaning. Bunton, David.
He did that so he wouldn't get out of shape.
Explain how the statistical findings relate to that purpose of the study. If, prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance.
This primary homework help victorians invention timeline creative writing and journalism middlesex the next researcher to refine the methodology and learn from your mistakes, one of the foundations of the scientific process.
Introductions and Conclusions. Identifying how a gap in the literature has been addressed. Problems, drawbacks etc. The results should: Be simple and clear Present summaries of large data sets means with standard error or deviation Detailed data should be reported in tables or figures and not as lists in write my dissertation paper text Only give the data which is relevant to the paper Refer to every table or figure in the text Each figure or table should be identified by a unique number e.
However, this conclusion was unlikely since the results for the Number Series task were contrary to the original hypothesis.
Summarizing your thoughts and conveying the larger significance of your study. Ideally, the way findings are articulated should anticipate in some way the elaboration of their meaning in the discussion section.
Failure to provide a clear summary of what was learned In order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize briefly and succinctly how it contributes to new knowledge or a new understanding about the research problem.
For example, if you uncovered a link between diet and the speed at which children learn, you could suggest a short plan for ensuring that children receive good nutrition. Writing an Effective Discussion or Conclusion Section Feb 10, by Amy Benson Brown The last blog in this series focused discussion and conclusion of a research paper the importance of writing an excellent abstract.
The Writing Center. Think of the findings as the eggs that make the discussion omelet.