To use them anyway calls to mind the story of the man who looked for his lost keys near a streetlight one night not because that was where he dropped them but just because the light was better there. The limitations of these tests are so numerous and so serious that studies showing an association between homework and higher scores are highly misleading. Put differently, the research offers no reason to believe that students cheap custom essays uk high-quality classrooms whose teachers give little or no homework would be at a disadvantage as regards any meaningful kind of learning.
My first assignment was to go home and draw a picture of the room where you do your homework. For high schoolers, two hours appears optimal. In fact, for elementary school-age children, there is no measureable academic advantage to homework. Zieglerp.
Homework for most elementary children should be limited to 30 minutes per night. Harris Cooper Editor's Note: Harris Cooper is professor of psychology and neuroscience at Duke, where he also directs the university's Program in Education, and is author of "The Battle over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Parents" Corwin Press A poll conducted for the Associated Press earlier this year found that about 57 percent of parents felt their child was assigned about the right amount of homework.
Cooper a, More responsive to its negative effects on children and families?
Another argument against homework is that it causes students to feel overburdened and stressed. Chen and Stevenson, pp.
Kohn, A. These anecdotal reports have been corroborated by research that finds a statistically significant positive relationship between a shallow or superficial approach to learning, on the one hand, and high scores on various standardized tests, on the other.
They pour their hearts out. Even when you take account of all these variables, the bottom line remains that no definite conclusion can be reached, and that is itself a significant conclusion.
Even where they do exist, positive effects are often quite small.
The final course grade, moreover, is based on a combination of these individual marks, along with other, even less well defined considerations. Each is seriously flawed in its own way.
And psychologists have identified a range of strategies that help students learn, many of which seem ideally suited for homework assignments. However, how much homework a child should do and how often are questions that can be answered only after taking into account the unique needs of the child and his or her learning style, goals and challenges.
While those things may be true, not assigning homework—or assigning ineffective homework—can end up privileging advantaged students even more. The conversation around homework is to some extent a social class and social justice issue.
Homework can foster independent learning and responsible character traits. The third found benefits at two of three grade levels, but all of the students in this study who were assigned homework also received parental help. Epstein and Van Voorhis, does homework really help students learn.
But insisting that they do two hours of homework every night is expecting a bit much. Educators should be thrilled by these numbers.
There is no evidence of any academic benefit from homework in elementary school. Educators have debated the merits of homework since the late 19th century.