After identifying the problem, state the main reason that this study was needed. Make sure to provide recommendations for potential research in the future. Likewise a historian may break the thesis up into time periods and do critique and evaluation throughout the whole.
In addition to the research context, there may be other relevant contexts to present for example: theoretical context; practice context; and political context. Aim to be modest but realistic in relating your own research to the broader context.
Remember there are many ways to skin the discussion cat. The structure of your discussion chapter is really going to depend on what you are trying to do and how you have structured your findings. If so, why might this be?
Explain the results to a friend and record yourself, or use voice recognition software to tell your computer some of your preliminary thoughts. It is certainly an academic exercise, but perhaps not too different from the concise explanations of your research you may have had to give to relatives and neighbours over the last few years, in terms of its brevity, accessibility, and comprehensiveness.
Our data, however, put additional constraints on this connectivity model. Conduct a brief summary of the principal implications of your findings do this regardless of any statistical significance. At this point, make sure you have sufficiently thesis statement about education reform your methodological decisions in the methodology part of your thesis.
You don't want to overwhelm someone who is going to mark your work and who is responsible for your success or failure. Example: EGFR-overexpressing cancers are highly aggressive and have a higher tendency to metastasize. Tell the reader what they need to know and try to organise the information in a way that makes the most sense to you and your project.
This is an important part of the paragraph and may require multiple paragraphs depending on the number of key studies that exist on your topic. As you edit and rewrite your dissertation you will probably gain and lose references that you had in earlier versions.
We tell students about critical thinking and the importance of it on a daily basis. London:Chapman and Hall. The Discussion section needs to follow from your results and relate back to your literature review.
Discuss the implications of your study for future research and be specific about the next logical steps for future researchers. It is important therefore to check that all the references in your reference list are actually referenced within the text; and that all the references that appear in the text appear also in the reference list. If these additional research paper intro help relate to your main finding, discuss the associations.
Try not to focus solely on one or two science dissertation discussion if possible. When writing your introduction, be clear, organised and methodical. This is really going to depend on the type of project you have created.
Not all of this can possibly appear in your dissertation without completely overwhelming the reader. Clearly explain why these results are acceptable and how they consistently fit in with previously published knowledge about the subject. Contents, and figure and table lists The contents pages will show up the structure of the dissertation. Develop an existing point of view, perhaps by utilising it on larger or more complex datasets, or apply a theory to a new context Adapted from Taylor It is important that you are assertive about what you are arguing, but it is unlikely that, in a dissertation project, you will be able to be definitive in closing an established academic debate.
Introduction Although this is the first piece of writing the reader comes to, it is often best to leave its preparation to last as, until then, you will not be absolutely sure what you are introducing. This clearly indicates to the reader how you have addressed your study.
Making recommendations for follow-up studies is an important part of a Discussion. For each theme or area, you should discuss how the results help to answer your research question, and whether the results are consistent with your expectations and the literature. Finally, our data describing strong correlation between noise correlation during on-going activity and during auditory stimuli support the idea that distributed groups of interconnected neurons are coactivated during tone stimulation.
Top Tip Summarise your results in the text, drawing on the figures and tables to illustrate your points. One way is by referring the reader back to previous chapters, sections, or subsections.
Do not use an apologetic tone in this section. You need to ensure that all the content you want to include has been allocated a place. Decisions about style of presentation may need to be made about, for example: whether you want to begin with an initial overview of the results, followed by the detail, or whether you move immediately into the detail of the results; in which order you will be presenting the detailed results; and what balance, in terms of word space, you want to achieve across the spread of results that you have.
At first, these data seem difficult to reconcile with numerous studies showing smooth, large-scale tonotopic organization in A1 for example, see A1 tonotopy in ferrets19, mice8, rats18 and monkeys They gradually build suspense, then surprise you with a dramatic plot twist just when you thought you'd sussed the story line.
This also makes the proofreading process easier. This can be challenging because there are only so many distinct shades of grey. For example, did the approaches differ or were there major differences in sample sizes that may have affected results?
Your creative writing references aim is to show the reader exactly what your research has contributed and why they should care. However, the majority of patients eventually develop progressive disease.
How to Write a Strong Discussion in Scientific Manuscripts Pretend your results are produced by a machine then describe the machine.
Summary Devote time to planning the structure of the dissertation. Fleshing Out the Detail Once you have your outline in front of you, you can start to map out how your results fit into the outline.
Therefore, at the end of your discussion introduction you should highlight the content that each of the subsections will cover. Are there any practical implications? Not only do they organise your information into logical pieces, they give the reader guidelines for where your research might be going.
Make sure you address all your results, including those that were not statistically significant. Often, we see students presenting multiple different statistical analyses without any real understanding of what the tests mean.
For example, with the qualitative data you might be concerned about length. You also need to demonstrate that you understand the limitations of your research and the implications of your findings for policy and practice. You also need to consider how best to present your results: tables, figures, graphs, or text.
Example: In this study, we measured secreted factors in the media of sensitive and resistant cell lines to identify differentially expressed cytokines that may mediate resistance.
It can be useful to think of the research question or topic going like a strong thread throughout the dissertation: linking all the elements of the study, and giving coherence to its reporting.
Relate your findings to the issues you raised in the introduction.
Check back to make sure that you have included all the relevant methods. One of the easiest ways to approach this task is to create an outline. There is no correct or incorrect number of graphs that should exist within the section, but you should use your judgement about what looks appropriate.
You have likely worked with the data for a long time and so it might make sense to you. Making conclusions that cannot be made from their data — you need to be able to differentiate between strong and weak results do not exaggerate your findings. On a final note, discuss everything this is relevant but be brief, specific, and to the point.
Describe how answering this specific research question will make a significant contribution to your field. But having a good understanding of why you are proceeding with this strategy of analysis is going to be essential in a primarily quantitative study. Make sure to defend your answers.
Conclude by summarising the implications of your findings in brief, and explain why they are important for researchers and in practice, and provide some suggestions for further work. Paragraph 3: Discuss additional findings and how these fit with existing literature. I imagine the Results section like a dance with swords -- sometimes you are engaging your partner with the pointy end and sometimes you are gliding along side them.
Like any other chapter in your thesis, an introduction is an essential component of your discussion. Granted that at some point in the discussion you are going to have to link back to this previous research. Sometimes, like the null hypothesis, talking about the limitations can help you better define the contribution your study has made.