How to Do a Literature Review: 13 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow

Steps for doing a literature review, browse videos by category

Their number depends on the purpose of your academic writing and the complexity level of your studies or disciplines. Now, sort the pieces of paper into similar topics. Book collections might be excluded from results delivered by a discovery tool. Do they reveal a trend in the field?

Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. I started writing my literature review the same way I wrote all my previous papers.

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Gaps you notice in the literature 5. For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.

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Step 2: Identify the most relevant sources on your topic Use a variety of resources - locate books, journals, and documents that contain useful information and ideas on your topic. Or, that you need to write a literature review that encompasses every aspect of the literature on your topic.

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  4. Conducting a Literature Review
  5. It should not take more than two or three dedicated sessions.

I always felt like I should have read more articles before turning in my papers. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out literature review thesis format the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.

If you find a colleague with different skills and strengths than you have, your work styles can complement each other, and help you both nail your reviews. While many researchers will be most concerned with what is immediately available to them at their own library, a researcher concerned with finding everything that has been done on a particular topic will need to go beyond what's available at his or her home library and include materials that are available elsewhere.

Choose the exact information you want to use, discuss, or develop in your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. Point the way forward for further research. Especially in the case of master's and doctoral projects, the research process might take a year or several years to complete.

Simple effective cover letter examples 3: Define Your Scope You might start your research thinking you need to read hundreds of articles. You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order. Organize and synthesize the information you've selected.

The reality is that no one tool does it all. Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Although you can always find more articles on your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings.

Give your interpretation of how and why certain developments occurred. The trick is to start writing from the get-go. Are there ideas that contradict each other? General steps State your research topic or question. How do I get help? The key is to just get started, and keep your momentum. Write your literature review based on a standard format. The literature review does not present new primary scholarship, but it does allow you to place each work in the context of its contribution to the understanding of the subject under review.

While many libraries are making results from their own catalogs available via their discovery tools, they might not cover books that are discoverable from other library collections, thus making a search of book collections incomplete. Claims, conclusions, and findings about the constructs you are investigating 2.

How to write your literature review?

Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point? Remember, a draft is just that: a draft. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out.

Consider using a search log to help you search more effectively. During this time, it will be important for the researcher to periodically review the research that has been going on at the same time as his or her own research.

Evaluate the data to determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Research methods Summary of research results Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.

Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? You should have a rough idea of your literature review thesis format before you start writing. Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort.

Google Scholar? When you finish, place each stack of notes into an abstract poem in literature steps for doing a literature review with the name of the theme. Figure out what the main themes are.


Definitions of terms 3. Do they present one or different solutions? An initial strategy for selecting search terminology might be to list formulate a hypothesis for the investigation above possible relevant terms and their synonyms in order to have a working vocabulary for use in the research databases.

Resolve any conflicts amongst seemingly contradictory previous studies. Step Four: Code the literature: Get out a pair of scissors and cut each excerpt out.

Video: 10 Steps for Doing a Literature Review

I pointed out gaps in our knowledge and cutting edge results emerging in our fields. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review.

The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review. Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4.

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Plan to describe relevant theories. Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research. Steps in doing a literature review The steps below look sequential.

Literature Review: Conducting & Writing

With the foregoing in mind, a researcher might start a search by using the library's discovery tool and then follow up by reviewing which databases have been included in the search and, more importantly, which databases have not been included.

This will give you and your reader an overview of the significant literature published on a topic. Revisiting the search strategies employed in the initial pass of the ltierature will turn up any new studies that might have come to light since the initial search. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized chronologically.

Some libraries might subscribe to two or three hundred different research databases covering a large number of subject areas. Step Two: Search for the literature: Conduct a comprehensive bibliographic search of books and articles in your area. You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear research paper order online in the document wedding speech writers sydney, or in both the document title and in the abstract.

Creative writing 100 words how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. For people writing literature reviews for articles or books, this system also could work, especially when you are writing in a field with which you are already familiar.

Debates, conflicts and contradictions: where do sources disagree?

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Check the flow of your argument for coherence. Step 5: Add to the Conversation For one of my first literature reviewsI made the mistake of including too much information, without any synthesis. Use RefWorks to keep track of your research citations. So, how do you tackle a literature review without getting lost?